Did you even know these drugs have side effect or have you, like many chosen to ignore it? The severity of this issue is one we should pay loads of attention to; because as humans, drugs are needed to cure an ailment and promote our health.
And that’s when we talk about the so-called “Normal Medicines”.
Performance enhancers and illicit drugs are the biggest dangers and sadly, its’ consumption is on the rise.
Constant use of these drugs pose a negative side effect, effects that can damage our body and/or vital organs in the short and longer-term.
However, with the right knowledge and help, people stand a greater chance to reduce and in most cases eliminate these hazards.
Some of these hazards could include Injury and/or death in severe cases.
It is also important to note that our individual characteristics such as age, weight, and sex, make some people more likely susceptible to these side effects than others.
Side effects can be caused by all kinds of medicine including prescribed drugs, over-the-counter drugs, herbal mixtures, and vitamins.
Drugs side effect that occurs in one percent of people taking a specific drug is considered by medical practitioners to be caused by that medication.
Examples of common drug side effects include nausea, fatigue, dizziness, headache, itching, and muscle ache.
However some side effects may be severe and could lead to life-threatening situations, hence why you need to know about them.
Types of Drugs Side Effect
Side effects could be in the form of allergies, which causes itching all the way up to life-threatening anaphylactic reaction (hypersensitivity reaction to the ingestion or injection of a drug resulting from prior contact with a substance).
Some drugs also have a side effect because of their chemical composition, which contains certain elements that can cause reactions.
Drug side effects could also occur when certain medications are used with other things.
For example, drinking alcohol with narcotic pain killers can lead to difficulty in breathing.
Side effects come in different natures which include but not limited to dizziness, skin rash, constipation, diarrhea, drowsiness, headache, nausea, insomnia, and in severe cases, internal bleeding, irregular heart rate, and cancer.
Common Drugs and their Side Effect
There are drugs we use daily, that most people have become addicted to and they carry negative side effects.
Listed below are some of the most commonly used medicines that many do not know their side effects are detrimental to their health.
Penicillin can be referred to as a group of antibiotics which include penicillin G, penicillin V, procaine penicillin, and benzathine penicillin.
Penicillin is effective in fighting bacterial infections caused by staphylococci and streptococci.
The side effect of Penicillin
Diarrhea, hypersensitivity, nausea, rash, neurotoxicity, stomach upset, urticaria, superinfection, abdominal pain, itching, and black “hairy” tongue.
Although rare, serious side effects of penicillin include anaphylaxis(severe allergic reaction), seizures, and low blood platelet.
This drug works mainly for erectile dysfunction in men. It helps to relax the muscles in the walls of blood vessels in certain areas of the body.
However, over usage of these drug substance in the body system is bad, see side effects below.
The side effect of Viagra
Headaches, nasal congestion, impaired vision, photophobia, loss of hearing, back pain, stomach upset, nausea, and sensitivity to light are some of the side effects of Viagra.
There is a severe effect though; Priapism – a condition in which the male sexual organ is continually erect; usually painful, although uncommon, it is known to occur mostly in people who have sickle cell anemia.
Aspirin is a very common drug, one that millions of people use daily.
Aspirin is similar to Paracetamol and Ibuprofen, although a bit more potent than the former in the treatment of pain, fever, or inflammation.
It is also a fast relief for conditions such as muscle aches, toothaches, common cold, and headaches.
Side effects of Aspirin
Irritation of the stomach or gut, indigestion, cramping, nausea, stomach bleeding, pyrosis(heartburn), drowsiness, and bleeding.
Insulin is a drug that is used to treat high blood glucose.
It is also a form of treatment for some type of diabetes.
The side effect of Insulin
Low blood sugar, pain or skin changes at the sites of injection like swelling, low blood potassium, allergies, loss of consciousness, impaired or blurred vision, fatigue, seizures, abrupt weight gain, numbness of the lips or tongue, loss of sleep and heart failure.
Morphine is a form of pain reliever and it works in the brain while affecting how your body system feels or responds to the pain.
This medication may cause some side effects especially when it has been taken for a long period.
The side effect of Morphine:
Restlessness, watering eyes, runny nose, nausea, sweating, muscle ache, constipation, and drowsiness. Severe side effects include tiredness, loss of weight, serious stomach pain, and difficulty with urination.
Birth Control Pills
These are drugs commonly used by women to prevent pregnancy from occurring. These pills can either stop ovulation from happening or prevent sperm from fertilizing the egg.
The side effect of Birth Control Pills
Common side effects of birth control pills are nausea, spotting(light vaginal bleeding), headaches, and migraine, an increase in weight, mood swings, missed period, and low sex libido.
According to WebMD, the acronym ACHES which stands for Abdominal pain, chest pain, headaches (severe), eye problem and swelling in the legs and thighs are rare but very serious side effects as they are indicators of a disorder such as high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, blood clots, liver disease and/or gallbladder disease.
While every drug has its side effect, not every side effect is a bad one. Some are necessary to effectively cure a disease or an ailment.
It is therefore important to be informed on the side effects of a drug prescribed by your doctor. It is also imperative to keep your doctor informed if you notice any side effects. You might never know if the side effect of the medication could be a sign of danger or an indication that you are not responding to the medication given to you.
With guidance from your doctor, you will be able to effectively minimize the risk and maximize the benefits of the medication. It is also important to read the label on drugs to increase awareness and help detect any posse reaction as soon as possible.
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